When planning a pond, there are many decisions that you must make. The biggest decision is deciding what type of pond will you create. Do you want your pond to contain more fish or plants? What size pond can you have? Where will you put your pond? What will surround your pond? The decisions will greatly affect your actions!
First, will you have more fish or plants? What type of fish? Koi ponds are usually larger. The koi grow and require a deeper, larger pond. Koi ponds are recommended to start at 1,000 gallons with an area of at least 3 feet deep. Koi ponds are commonly known for less plant life. This is because Koi eat the plants. Water gardens, which contain more plants, may contain plants and goldfish. Because goldfish do not grow big, the size of the pond is smaller with the depth only needing to be at least 2 feet deep. Ponds in colder climates are recommended to have the water garden about 16″ deep. The decision of fish, plants, and amount of space will need to be made to choose the best pond.
As you create your pond, you need to mark the area of its location. Rope and poles can be used for this important task. The size of the pond is estimated to be about 30% smaller than the measured area. This should be considered when designing the pond. When the final shape is determined, you will need to measure the length and the width to get the size of your pond liner. You will need to add an inch to three feet for the overlapping. If there will be a pond fountain or waterfall you will need to plan for those as well during this time. The measurement of the pond is a key factor in making this a successful project.
Next, you will want to put down pond underlayment. This material protects the pond liner from any damage. You can cut this with a utility knife or scissors. After this, you can start to plan your waterfalls. You will need to place large stone at the entrance of the waterfall. This will hold the liner in place. Also, streams can be added at this time. The streams should be should be dug larger than your finished design. Stones can be used as edging for the streams. The waterfalls and streams will add character to your pond.
You need to add edging. Stone is commonly used for this process. The technique of aligning the stone may not look natural. You may want to build and layer the stone and add pebbles. This look will be more natural and blend with the surroundings. Plants can be placed directly between the stone and add to the natural look.
Lastly, place plants in immediately. Plants such as Anacharis, Water Hyacinth, Parrot’s Feather, and Bacopa are recommended because they use the nutrients that feed algae. Water lilies may be used to finish the pond. Plants can add color and design to your pond.
Ponds can create an area of great peace and relaxation.